|Dykes, John Bacchus - Navy Hymn (Eternal Father, Strong to Save) for Oboe & Strings|
Dykes, John Bacchus (1823 - 1876)
Magatagan, Mike (1960 - )
|Droit d'auteur :||Public Domain|
John Bacchus Dykes (10 March 1823 – 22 January 1876) was an English clergyman and hymnwriter. He was born in Hull, England, the fifth child and third son of William Hey Dykes, a ship builder, later banker,and Elizabeth, daughter of Bacchus Huntington, a surgeon of Sculcoates, Yorkshire, and granddaughter of the Rev. William Huntington, Vicar of Kirk Ella. His paternal grandparents were the Rev. Thomas Dykes, LL.B., and Mary, daughter of William Hey. He was also a cousin of the Rev. George Huntington. Dykes was a younger brother of the poet and hymnwriter Eliza Alderson, and wrote tunes for at least four of her hymns.<br> <br> By the age of 10, he was de facto assistant organist – there is no record of any formal appointment – at St John's Church in Myton, Hull, where his paternal grandfather (who had built the church) was vicar and his uncle (also Thomas) was organist. He also played the violin and the piano. <br> <br> Although his paternal grandfather and his father had been firmly of an evangelical persuasion, Dykes migrated to the Anglo-Catholic, ritualist, wing of the Church of England during his Cambridge years. Although never a member of the Cambridge Camden Society, his later life showed him to be clearly in sympathy with its central tenets, as he was with those of the Oxford Movement. He was a member of the Society of the Holy Cross. At this time, antagonism between the evangelical and Anglo-Catholic wings of the Church of England was heated and sometimes violent. The seminal case concerned the Brighton-based Rev. John Purchas (1823–72) who, as a consequence of a Privy Council judgment which bore his name, was compelled to desist from such practices as facing east during the celebration of Holy Communion, using wafer bread, and wearing vestments other than cassock and surplice. Another clergyman, the London-based Alexander Mackonochie (whose worship style Lord Shaftesbury had characterised as being "in outward form and ritual…the worship of Jupiter or Juno") was pursued through the courts until the pressure proved too much and he resigned his living in 1882. Although Dykes's treatment at the hands of the evangelical party, which included his own Bishop, Charles Baring, was largely played out locally, Baring's refusal to license a curate to help the overworked Dykes in his ever-expanding parish, led the latter to seek from the Court of Queen's Bench a writ of mandamus, requiring the Bishop to do so. Against the expectations of many senior legal figures, including the Attorney-General, Dr. A. J. Stephens, Q.C., whose services Dykes had retained, the Court, led by puisne judge Sir Colin Blackburn, Q.C., refused to interfere in what they saw to be a matter of the Bishop's sole discretion. Dykes's defeat was followed by a gradual deterioration in his physical and mental health, necessitating absence (which was to prove permanent) from St. Oswald's from March 1875. Rest and the bracing Swiss air proving unavailing, Dykes eventually went to recover on the south coast of England where, on 22 January 1876, he died aged 52. Touchingly, he shares a grave with his youngest daughter, Mabel, who died, aged 10, of scarlet fever in 1870. Dykes's grave is now the only marked grave in what, in recent years, has been transformed into a children's playground. <br> <br> Dykes published numerous sermons, book reviews and articles on theology and church music, many of them in the Ecclesiastic and Theologian. These display considerable erudition and wit (not to mention a penchant for damnation by faint praise and a fondness for litotes and gentle sarcasm), especially on the topics of the Apocalypse, the Psalms, Biblical numerology and, unsurprisingly, the function of music and ritual in the service of the church. However, he is best known for over 300 hymn tunes he composed. Although Dykes reveals that he composed a number of tunes specially for use in Durham Cathedral's Galilee Chapel, of far greater significance was his speculative submission in 1860 of six tunes to the music editor (W.H. Monk) of a new venture: Hymns Ancient and Modern. Of the six were: MELITA, (Eternal Father, strong to save, used at the funerals of J F Kennedy and Sir Winston Churchill). <br> <br> Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bacchus_Dykes)<br> <br> Although originally written for Choir (SATB), I created this Interpretation of the Minuet & Variations from the Sonata in G Major for Woodwind Trio (Flute, Oboe & Bassoon).