|Bach, Johann Sebastian - Chorale: "Allein zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ" for Oboes & Strings|
BWV 33 No 1
Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685 - 1750)
2 hautbois et cordes
MAGATAGAN, MICHAEL (1960 - )
|Editeur :||MAGATAGAN, MICHAEL|
|Droit d'auteur :||Public Domain|
|Ajoutée par magataganm, 05 Déc 2015|
Allein zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ (Only upon You, Lord Jesus Christ,), BWV 33,[a] is a church cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. He composed the chorale cantata in Leipzig in 1724 for the thirteenth Sunday after Trinity and first performed it on 3 September 1724. It is based on the hymn by Konrad Hubert (1540).
Bach composed the cantata in his second year in Leipzig for the Thirteenth Sunday after Trinity. That year, Bach composed a cycle of chorale cantatas, begun on the first Sunday after Trinity of 1724. The prescribed readings for the Sunday were from the Epistle to the Galatians, Paul's teaching on law and promise (Galatians 3:15–22), and from the Gospel of Luke, the parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:23–37).
The cantata is based on the hymn by Konrad Hubert which was published in Nürnberg in 1540 with an added fourth stanza. Each of the stanzas consists of nine lines. For the cantata text, an unknown poet kept the words of stanzas 1 and 4 unchanged for movements 1 and 6. He transcribed the ideas of the inner stanzas, each to a sequence of recitative and aria. Due to the splitting of each stanza in two movements, the paraphrasing is a more independent from the original than for the previous cantatas of the cycle, last Herr Jesu Christ, du höchstes Gut, BWV 113. The hymn, concentrating on the sinner asking Jesus for redemption, is only generally connected to the Gospel. The poet connects to the Gospel in movement 4, "Gib mir nur aus Barmherzigkeit / den wahren Christenglauben" (Of your mercy grant me / the true Christian faith), addressing God as the true "Good Samaritan", also in movement 5, "Gib, daß ich aus reinem Triebe / als mich selbst den Nächsten liebe" (Grant that my purest impulse may be / to love my neighbour as myself"), citing the central line of the parable. The poet also refers to other Bible passages, in movement 2 to Job 9:3, "If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one of a thousand.", and in movement 4 to both Psalms 51:13, "Then will I teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee." and Galatians 5:6, "Then will I teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee."
The chorale melody "Allein zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ" of unknown authorship was documented in a 1541 Wittenberg publication. It was used extensively, for example by Sethus Calvisius and Michael Praetorius. According to Klaus Hofmann, it was composed in 1512 for a secular song by Paul Hofhaimer. In the cantata, Bach uses the melody completely in a chorale fantasia in movement 1 and in the closing chorale, while he alludes to it in movement 5, a duet.
In his first year in Leipzig, Bach had composed for the same occasion Du sollt Gott, deinen Herren, lieben, BWV 77, opening with a chorus on important law, on which, according to the parallel Matthew 22:34–40, "hang all the law and the prophets": "You shall love God, your Lord, with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself".
The cantata in six movements is scored for three vocal soloists—alto, tenor and bass—a four-part choir, two oboes, two violins, viola, and basso continuo.
Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allein_zu_dir,_Herr_Jesu _Christ,_BWV_33).
I created this arrangement of the Opening Chorale: "Allein zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ" (Only upon You, Lord Jesus Christ) for Oboe Duet & Strings (2 Violins, Viola & Cello).
|Partition centrale :||Allein zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ (10 partitions)||Niveau de difficulté :